Arthritis refers to the inflammation of joints. It covers around 100 types of joint diseases. The areas which may be affected by arthritis are knees, elbows, wrists, fingers or hips. The two common types of arthritis are osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis. The problem of arthritis is most common in women than men. Obesity is one of the reasons that increase the risk of arthritis in people. Osteoarthritis causes the cartilages to break down, while Rheumatoid arthritis is an autoimmune disorder that targets the lining of the joints. Arthritis can impair a person’s ability to perform everyday tasks.
Signs and Symptoms
Pain in joints
- Stiffness of bones
- Loss of appetite
Cartilage is flexible connective tissue in the joints; it protects the joints from shock and pressure. Reduction of cartilage in the joints can cause arthritis problems. In rheumatoid arthritis, the immune system attacks the tissues and affects the synovium, which produces a fluid that helps in easy movement of the joints. If your family members also had arthritis in the past then chances are that you too can get affected by it. Ageing can be another reason for arthritis. As we age, the joints start to get worn down. Obesity also causes arthritis in people. Injuries can damage the joints and can ultimately lead to arthritis, if not cured properly.
How can it be treated?
Arthritis can be treated by seeing the doctor at the right time.
- Proper medications can help relieve the pain
- Therapies are also a good option today
- Lose some weight if you are overweight
- Surgeries can also be done in rare and severe cases
- Sometimes even yoga and acupuncture techniques also help in arthritis
- Exercising daily can make your body flexible and reduce pain
- Eat healthy foods