Gum disease refers to the inflammation of the gums due to plaque, the sticky that stick to our teeth. If the symptoms of inflammation persist for a long time, it can affect the bones too. Gum diseases are a major cause of tooth loss in adults. It is very important to educate yourself about the possible gum diseases, their symptoms and treatments.
The most common gum disease is Gingivitis. Gingivitis occurs when the toxins released by the build-up of plaque begins damaging the teeth and gums. In the condition of gingivitis, the gums can become sensitive, irritated or puffy. It is the earliest stage of gum disease, but prolonging gingivitis can lead to more serious problems.
The signs of gingivitis include:
- Redness of gums
- Swelling of the gums
- Bleeding during brushing or flossing
As it is an early stage of gum disease, the bone and connective tissues which hold the teeth in place are not yet affected. Thus gingivitis is a treatable disease and can be reversed by taking good oral care.
The next stage of gum disease, which is severe than gingivitis, is Periodontitis. At this stage of gum disease, the bone and connective tissue of the teeth start getting damaged. It is usually an irreversible disease and the gums can start to form pockets below the gum line. These pockets encourage the growth of plaque below the gum line. It is a severe condition which can lead to tooth removal as well.
- Bad breath
- Swollen gums
- Pain while chewing
- Sensitive teeth
- Loose teeth
Regular and proper cleaning of the teeth can reduce the risk of gum diseases. Consult your doctor if you see any signs of such gum disease. Immediate medical help can prevent further damage to your teeth.