Osteomyelitis

All you need to know about Bone Infections (Osteomyelitis)

Bone infections are caused due to bacteria or fungi that invade our bones. In children, it usually occurs in long bones like arms and legs. In adults, they usually occur in the hip area, spine or feet. It’s a rare but a serious condition. When the bone breaks, bacteria can move into the bones, which lead to osteomyelitis.

Causes

  • The infection can spread to bones from nearby skin or muscles.
  • The infection can pass through the bloodstreams too.
  • Open wounds can also cause infections to the bone.
  • People having diabetes are at higher risks of bone infections.
  • Poor blood supplies
  • Peripheral Arterial Disease
  • HIV or AIDS
  • Long-term use of steroids
  • Sickle cell disease
  • Alcoholism

Symptoms

  • Fever
  • Fatigue
  • Nausea
  • Swelling
  • Stiffness
  • Redness in the affected area

Treatment of Osteomyelitis

The doctor usually does x-rays, MRI, blood tests and bone scans to found out about bone infections. A bone biopsy is done to confirm the diagnosis of osteomyelitis. After this, the doctor decides which meditation needs to be started. Antibiotics help in controlling infections and avoid injury. Some severe infections need to be treated by surgeries. Through surgeries, the infected area is removed from the body and is removed with new tissues.

You should always wash any cuts or wounds in the skin so that it doesn’t cause infection. Cover the wounds with bandages and don’t leave the wounds open. Avoid injuries while jumping, running, or doing sports. Bones infections can happen suddenly and can take damage the bones permanently if they are not treated on time. Consult your doctor if you see any symptoms of infection. The sooner you treat the infection, the better it is.

 

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